News and opportunities in the geothermal industry, brought to you by the Geothermal Energy Association.
Graph of the Week: Forecast to 2018 Compares Capacity Factors of Energy Technologies
Above: The U.S. Energy Information Administration used the average capacity factors for power plants entering service to estimate the levelized cost of various energy sources in 2018 (Annual Energy Outlook 2013). Since geothermal power is one of the most efficient sources of electricity, it will almost fully use the transmission capacity that it reserves. The Geothermal Energy Association’s Ben Matek explains how geo power’s high capacity factor helps to reduce transmission costs. “When building a 100 MW power plant, 100 MW of transmission is reserved for that plant. As a result, existing transmission capacity becomes unavailable to other generators, even though the amount that will actually be available depends on the capacity factor of the technology that is used. For example, since geothermal’s capacity factor is 92%, 92 MW will be used, while only 34 MW of wind will be used, 25 MW for solar, etc.” Matek adds, “For congested transmission lines, other sources of energy can raise costs as more transmission infrastructure needs to be built to accommodate the same amount of power.”
Geothermal Colleague in the Philippines Shares Ways to Help Post-Typhoon Victims
In the aftermath of Category 5 Super Typhoon Haiyan (Yolanda) (November 2, 2013 – November 11, 2013), which caused widespread death and destruction in key geothermal regions, Geothermal Energy Association staff have been in touch with a Philippines Department of Energy official who spoke at our International Geothermal Energy Showcase held in May 2012 in Washington, DC. Atty. Marissa P. Cerezo is Assistant Director of the Renewable Energy Management Bureau, Department of Energy of the the Philippines and also teaches at the Mapua Institute of Technology and Adamson University handling Geology and Mining Engineering subjects. She says: “Typhoon Yolanda has indeed caused a lot of destruction to lives and properties especially in Central Visayas. Many, mostly children, are still in the state of shock. People decided to temporarily leave their place as the aftermath is really depressing. We are very grateful from the bottom of our hearts for the help coming from different parts of the world. And we will continually welcome any form of help that anyone would extend to the victims of typhoon.”
Cerezo and her colleague, the Chief of Provincial Planning and Development Office, can channel assistance to the whole province of Aklan. Cerezo said she supports organized groups like the Philippine Red Cross (see recommendations from the Embassy of the Philippines), but also shared different ways that interested individuals and companies can offer direct assistance from afar:
1. Adopt a school or barangay, for the rebuilding of damaged structures.
“A lot of schools have been damaged but the education should resume as soon as possible. So, children have to attend classes under the shade of a tree. Building materials are limited because of demand.”
“My family in Aklan has to settle for tarpaulin to replace the roofs that were torn and blown by strong winds. We actually gather used tarpaulin for many homeless now.”
“The elementary school (Julita Elementary School) where I started my education recently won several times in beautification contests among elementary schools in Aklan. Colleagues may wish to adopt this school as it suffered substantial property damage after the super typhoon … It has all one-story buildings yet a lot of rooms were damaged. The principal has already used his own money to repair rooms as he can’t wait for the government budget to facilitate the resumption of classes.”
2. Share in the provision of solar facilities as immediate solution for basic lights to devastated areas.
“Since the power will take a while to resume, we can provide solar lanterns included in relief packages so children can still study at night and at the same time prevent them from the fire hazard of using candles.”
“I saw [a project] in India, where a solar company, as part of their CSR, donated a solar charging station for lamps to a school. Each pupil could bring their rechargeable lamps to the school for charging … [A]ttendance significantly improved as well as pupils’ performance in school as they can now study at night! … Should there be enough funds, we can install such a project with necessary agreement with the administrator of the school. It would cost around 150,000 pesos or 3,000 dollars which can accommodate more or less a hundred lamps recharged per day.” (emphasis added)
3. Provide goods to families.
“I have directly shared some assistance [to 50 families that are] residents of the barangay Julita in Libacao, Aklan (my birthplace). Almost half of them have their houses flattened. They have already started rebuilding using fallen trees and bamboo. But since palm leaves were all damaged, they have no material for roofing. G.I. sheets, for them, are expensive for now. So, as temporary solution, I collect used tarpaulins here in Manila and send them to Aklan. I already made 3 shipments but [this is] still not enough … With your assistance, we can include in the next shipment goods such as blankets, clothes and canned foods and possible funds for construction materials. Our place is mountainous and often raining especially at this season. A number of children are already sick and some have already died of hypothermia. We can help people prevent from getting sick by providing roofs and blanket. Medicines too. We can tap volunteer doctors for assistance.”
“Our place is in the countryside and potable water can easily be sourced from natural springs, so water is not a problem. But crops are totally damaged so people need to plant to produce something to eat. My siblings and I already sent vegetable seeds but only to few families. You may wish to share with the cost of seeds so we could send more. As to building materials, I can only manage to send a package of used tarpaulins via bus to Aklan from Manila. You may also wish to assist me in the cost of transportation of these tarpaulins.”
To contact Cerezo:
Atty. Marissa P. Cerezo
Renewable Energy Management Bureau
Department of Energy
Telefax No. +632-8402175
Mobile No. +63917-8099648
Email firstname.lastname@example.org, cc: email@example.com
World Bank ESMAP Holds Roundtable Discussion on Global Geothermal Development Plan
The Energy Sector Management Assistance Program (ESMAP) of the World Bank held a roundtable event, November 19-20 in The Hague, Netherlands, to prioritize next steps for its Global Geothermal Development Plan. Participants included about 70 individuals from developing countries, investors, technical experts, and development partners. The experts discussed geothermal exploration drilling activities in various regions, as well as financing and design and supervision of drilling programs. Presentations are now available on the ESMAP site.