GEA Hosts CA Capitol Briefing, One of the World’s Largest Geothermal Power Plants Commences Commercial Operation, Trump issues Executive Order on Climate Change and more!

>GEA Notes
GEA GeoExpo+ and GRC Annual Meeting: Share your leading innovation. Exhibit at the largest annual geothermal energy trade show in the world. More info including exhibitors to-date here: www.geothermalexpo.org or contact Rani@geo-energy.org, +1 (202) 454-5261
GEA Hosts California Capitol Briefing, also Urges Secretaries Perry and Zinke to Support Geothermal (full story below!)
>Leading Stories, Releases, Solicitations
One of the World’s Largest Geothermal Power Plants Commences Commercial Operation
GEA Hosts California Capitol Briefing, also Urges Secretaries Perry and Zinke to Support Geothermal
Seventeen House Republicans Break Away from Party, Push for Climate Action
Defense Secretary Mattis Declares Climate Change a Threat to National Security
President Trump Issues Executive Order on Climate Change
Zinke appoints BLM acting head at agency in ‘energy business’
Feasability Study Proves Geothermal Potential On St Kitts as Government Considers Way Forward
Construction of Muara Laboh Geothermal Power Plant in Indonesia Commences
How California Can Expand U.S. Geothermal Energy Production
IIC supports the development of the first geothermal power project in South America
EIB signs extensive support for Kenyan energy and transport
WWF, Arun to develop geothermal energy in Flores
Grenada receives grant for geothermal energy development
US DOE Issues Geothermal Office Annual Report.
>More Headlines
 
Leading Stories, Releases, Solicitations

One of the World’s Largest Geothermal Power Plants Commences Commercial Operation
First Unit of the Sarulla Geothermal Power Plant Starts to Provide Indonesia with 110 MW of Clean, Renewable Energy; Plant combines Toshiba’s flash and Ormat’s binary technologies to maximize efficiency
RENO, Nevada, March 21, 2017, TOKYO, March 22, 2017- Toshiba Corporation (TOKYO: 6502) and Ormat Technologies Inc. (NYSE: ORA) today announced that the first unit of the Sarulla geothermal power plant, one of the world’s largest power plants, located in Indonesia’s North Sumatra, has commenced commercial operation.
The approximately 110 MW power plant, which combines flash and binary technologies to provide a high efficiency power plant and 100% reinjection of the exploited geothermal fluid, is operated by Sarulla Operations Ltd. (SOL). As participants in the project, Toshiba supplied the geothermal steam turbines and generators (STGs) for the flash systems, while Ormat provided the conceptual design of the Geothermal Combined Cycle Unit (GCCU) power plant and supplied its Ormat Energy Converter (OEC), which serve as the condensing units for the steam turbines and utilize the separated brine for maximum resource exploitation and maximum power output. Toshiba and Ormat will continue to collaborate strategically on global promotion of highly-efficient geothermal combined cycle flash and binary systems, and both companies continue to seek to utilize and promote renewable energy globally.
Commenting on the official start, Mr. Takao Konishi, Vice President of Toshiba’s Energy Systems & Solutions Company said, “We are very proud to have installed our highly reliable geothermal STGs in one of the world’s largest geothermal power plants. Toshiba has the number one market share in the geothermal sector. We continue to support development of power and infrastructure solutions in Indonesia.”
Isaac Angel, Ormat’s CEO, added, “The commencement of commercial operation at Sarulla is a significant milestone for Ormat, both as an owner of SOL and as a supplier of our 25-year-proven binary technology. The Sarulla supply contract is the largest single contract that Ormat has signed to date. We manufactured and delivered our equipment ahead of schedule, mainly due to the improvements implemented across our entire value chain and to our professional teams. We continue to share our expertise as work continues on the second and third units of the Sarulla project that are expected to come on line by 2017 and 2018, respectively. Ormat’s proven GCCU technology, which was also utilized in the Sarulla reservoir, will assure optimal and sustainable utilization of the resource to deliver to Indonesia clean, cost effective and baseload capacity.”
Toshiba and Ormat have fostered a cooperative relationship through the Sarulla project. After signing a Strategic Collaboration Agreement in 2015, the companies also won orders to supply STG and OEC, respectively, for Unit 2 of the Kizildere III Geothermal Combined Cycle Unit Power Plant in Turkey. This project is now making smooth progress.
GEA Hosts California Capitol Briefing, also Urges Secretaries Perry and Zinke to Support Geothermal
GEA Western Issues Representative Rhonda Mills led a successful group effort to host a Legislative and Agency Staff Briefing in the California State Capitol March 23rd.  The program featured a presentation that highlighted the tremendous  and often unrecognized  values of geothermal energy to the State as well as the challenges it faces today.
Participants included representatives of the Governor’s Office of Economic Development, California Alternative Energy and Advanced Transportation Financing Authority (CAEATFA), Office of Governmental and Environmental Relations at the Department of Conservation, California Energy Commission’s Office of Commissioner Hochschild, and several legislative offices and committee staff.
At the program, Carl Zichella of the Natural Resources Defense Council made supportive comments about geothermal, and an expert presentation prepared with support from US Geothermal’s Scott Nichols, Kevin Kitz and Ian Warren was shown.
Additionally, Jim Caldwell, CEERT, made a key presentation on his geothermal study findings that put the point on the GEA assertion that the value of geothermal to California is not properly recognized.  Also Paul Brophy and Steve Ponder from GRC attended the program. And, the effort was supported by John White of CEERT, and Julia Kingsley and Justin Malan of EcoConsult.
Meanwhile in Washington, GEA President Doug Glaspey wrote to both Energy Secretary Perry and Interior Secretary Zinke. He wrote Secretary Perry, “to express our support for DOE’s geothermal research efforts and strong belief that “Geothermal Energy is Good for America.”  He stressed, “DOE’s Geothermal Technologies Office is central to US leadership in geothermal science and technology.”
In the letter to Interior Secretary Zinke Glaspey pointed out the substantial local economic benefits of geothermal power, but noted how the government created serious obstacles to achieving those benefits.  “Frankly, geothermal has become a poster-child of government delay, and despite the desire for more domestic renewable energy, it is much easier to permit drilling for either oil & gas or mining projects than geothermal projects,” the letter stated.
“We hope these letters begin a dialogue with the Secretaries of Energy  and Interior,” GEAs President noted.
Seventeen House Republicans Break Away from Party, Push for Climate Action
On March 15, a group of 17 House Republicans broke from the majority position of their party and introduced a resolution calling for climate change solutions. Spearheaded by Rep. Elise Stefanik (NY), Rep. Carlos Curbelo (FL), and Rep. Ryan Costello (PA), H. Res. 195 acknowledges humanity’s role in causing climate change and calls for a commitment to “mitigation efforts and efforts to balance human activities that have been found to have an impact.” The resolution suggests that the United States should seek economically viable solutions that include both private and public sector solutions. It also states that clean energy investment and innovation are critical to both job creation and addressing climate change. This resolution is similar to one introduced in 2015 by former Rep. Chris Gibson (R-NY). While the new resolution has the momentum of the Paris Agreement on its side, it will likely face resistance from the White House. The other signatories include Representatives Amodei (NV), Bacon (NE), Comstock (VA), Faso (NY), Fitzpatrick (PA), Katko (NY), Love (UT), Ros-Lehtinen (FL), LoBiondo (NJ), Mast (FL), Meehan (PA), Reed (NY), Reichert (WA), and Sanford (SC).
Source: EESI.org
For more information see:  The HillBloomberg
Defense Secretary Mattis Declares Climate Change a Threat to National Security
In newly-released written testimony taken during his confirmation hearing with the Senate Armed Services Committee, Secretary of Defense James Mattis explained that climate change is an imminent and significant threat to national security. He stated that “climate change is impacting stability in areas of the world where our troops are operating today,” and that “it is appropriate for the Combatant Commands to incorporate drivers of instability that impact the security environment in their areas into their planning.” Mattis’s longstanding view is that the military should reduce fossil fuel use and employ more renewable energy due to various strategic and operational factors, including climate change. During other parts of the testimony, Mattis made clear that “increased maritime access to the Arctic, rising sea levels, desertification” and other climate impacts play a role in U.S. security. “I will ensure that the department continues to be prepared to conduct operations today and in the future, and that we are prepared to address the effects of a changing climate on our threat assessments, resources, and readiness.”
Source: EESI
For more information see: ProPublicaThe Hill
President Trump Issues Executive Order on Climate Change
Drawing immediate criticism and praise, President Trump Issues a new Executive Order that will require the EPA and other federal agencies re-think the Clean Power Plana and their approach to energy and climate change.
That Order begins:
“EXECUTIVE ORDER
– – – – – – –
PROMOTING ENERGY INDEPENDENCE AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1.  Policy.  (a)  It is in the national interest to promote clean and safe development of our Nation’s vast energy resources, while at the same time avoiding regulatory burdens that unnecessarily encumber energy production, constrain economic growth, and prevent job creation.  Moreover, the prudent development of these natural resources is essential to ensuring the Nation’s geopolitical security.
(b)  It is further in the national interest to ensure that the Nation’s electricity is affordable, reliable, safe, secure, and clean, and that it can be produced from coal, natural gas, nuclear material, flowing water, and other domestic sources, including renewable sources. 
(c)  Accordingly, it is the policy of the United States that executive departments and agencies (agencies) immediately review existing regulations that potentially burden the development or use of domestically produced energy resources and appropriately suspend, revise, or rescind those that unduly burden the development of domestic energy resources beyond the degree necessary to protect the public interest or otherwise comply with the law. 
(d)  It further is the policy of the United States that, to the extent permitted by law, all agencies should take appropriate actions to promote clean air and clean water for the American people, while also respecting the proper roles of the Congress and the States concerning these matters in our constitutional republic.
(e)  It is also the policy of the United States that necessary and appropriate environmental regulations comply with the law, are of greater benefit than cost, when permissible, achieve environmental improvements for the American people, and are developed through transparent processes that employ the best available peer-reviewed science and economics.”

Zinke appoints BLM acting head at agency in ‘energy business’

Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke announced his selection of Bureau of Land Management careerist Mike Nedd as the agency’s new acting director.
Feasability Study Proves Geothermal Potential On St Kitts as Government Considers Way Forward 
Basseterre, St. Kitts, (SKNIS): A feasibility study done by Teranov, a French engineering and services company for new and renewable energy based in Guadeloupe, has proven that there is potential in St. Kitts to develop at least 18 to 36 megawatts of geothermal power.
Speaking at the conclusion of a two day meeting of geothermal stakeholders, which was held at the Ministry of Finance Conference Room in St. Kitts from March 21- 22, Minister of Public Infrastructure, Honourable Ian Patches Liburd, hailed the findings as “heartening” but that the government is to consider the way forward.
Minister Liburd said that the meeting was convened with other stakeholder representatives including His Excellency Dr. Vince Henderson, Ambassador, Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Commonwealth of Dominica to the United States; Jacques Chouraki, President of Teranov; Dr. Devon Gardner, Programme Manager for Energy at the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat;Joseph Williams, Sustainable Energy Advisor at the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB); representatives from the St. Kitts Electricity Company Ltd (SKELEC), Ministry of Finance, Office of the Attorney General, and private sector “as it relates to solidifying our roadmap in respect of our geothermal development here on St. Kitts and in Nevis with particular focus on the development on St. Kitts.”
“We have so far done the 3G studies-the geological, geophysical and geochemical studies or the surface studies…there is potential on St. Kitts to develop at least 18 to 36 megawatts of geothermal power and that’s heartening for us here in St. Kitts and Nevis,” said Minister Liburd, while indicating that the next step is to consider the way forward for slim-hole and exploration drilling.
Minister Liburd said that the government received a draft geothermal agreement from its partners for which Cabinet decided that there should be an independent review. According to the minister, the government consulted with the CARICOM and the CDB.
“Where we are right now in terms of the next steps, next set of actions and timelines, we have agreed today that we would restructure the geothermal agreement and we have put a timeline on that to be completed by the end of June this year. We also have agreement in terms of the provision of a business plan and financial model from Teranov. We would in terms of the joint venture company arrangements consider the shareholder agreement issues that deal with decision-making; and the commercial issues are key business points in some reform and indeed we did agree on the way forward as it relates to…development of this resource on St. Kitts,” Minister Liburd said.
He said it was necessary to have further discussions because any agreement signed off on has to bear in mind that government owns the land, the utility called SKELEC and the government will own the resource.
Minister Liburd said that whatever comes out of the agreement has to “ensure we protect the best public interest” and “there must be real benefit for the end consumer.
In November 2015, Teranov began geothermal exploration exercises in the Sandy Point area around Brimstone Hill, going to the top of Mount Liamigua.  Five geoscientists were in St. Kitts conducting feasibility studies in geophysics, geology and geochemistry. President of Teranov, Jacques Chouraki, said then that the prospects for geothermal energy on St. Kitts were promising.
In September 2015, Minister Liburd signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with Teranov, which includes a road map that can possibly see the production of geothermal energy in 2020.
Minister Liburd has underscored the point that fossil fuel costs are very exorbitant and that “if we are going to continue our development and if we are going to ensure economic growth” that the Government must adopt a policy of renewable energy because “we are blessed with sunshine, we are blessed with wind and in the federation of two islands we have two volcanoes.”
Construction of Muara Laboh Geothermal Power Plant in Indonesia Commences
Sumitomo Corporation (head office: Chuo-ku, Tokyo; President & CEO: Kuniharu Nakamura), has been jointly engaged with PT. Supreme Energy (head office: Jakarta; CEO: Mr. Supramu Santoso), a private Indonesian geothermal power generation project developer, and Engie (head office: Paris; CEO: Ms. Isabelle Kocher), a leading global energy company, for the development of the Muara Laboh geothermal power project (hereinafter, “the Project”) located in the West Sumatra Province of Indonesia. Having met the required conditions precedent for project financing, the Project commenced construction on March 24, 2017.
No Japanese company has ever been involved in the development of an Indonesian geothermal power project from as early a stage as Sumitomo Corporation has in the Project. Under a long-term power purchase agreement for 30 years with the project company PT. Supreme Energy Muara Laboh and PT. PLN (Persero), the Indonesian state-owned electricity utility, the Project will be able to offer a generation capacity of 80 megawatts. Total costs will amount to approximately 70 billion yen, and commercial operation is scheduled to commence in October 2019.
The engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract was awarded to the consortium of Sumitomo Corporation and PT. Rekayasa Industri, with the main equipment such as geothermal steam turbine and generator to be supplied by Fuji Electric Co., Ltd. In addition to capital investments, the Project will be co-financed through project financing by Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Mizuho Bank, Ltd., Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd., and the Leading Asia’s Private Infrastructure Fund (LEAP: A trust fund jointly established by ADB and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)). Financing by Japanese commercial banks will be covered by overseas untied loan insurance offered by the Nippon Export and Investment Insurance (NEXI). The Project is thus being undertaken by the consolidated efforts of Japanese companies.
Indonesia has the second largest amount of potential geothermal power resources in the world, with a total potential of around 29,000 megawatts, of which only about 5% of this potential being utilized. The Indonesian government is promoting the development of geothermal power generation, with a target set to achieve 7,000 megawatts in generation capacity by 2025.
Sumitomo Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Sumisho Machinery Trade Corporation (SMT), have been involved in about 50% (769 megawatts) of all completed geothermal power projects in Indonesia (1,616 megawatts) in terms of generation capacity.
Sumitomo Corporation will continue to accumulate promising geothermal power generation assets in an effort to contribute to the Indonesian government’s strategy of accelerating geothermal power generation and to make efficient use of renewable energy on a global scale.
Through its involvement in the global power infrastructure business, Sumitomo Corporation is seeking to provide its stakeholders with its Triple Values, namely, “Environmental Value” through eco-friendly power generation projects, “Societal Value” through power infrastructure development and “Economic Value” for the company with contribution to the local economy.  Sumitomo Corporation will continue to pursue these Triple Values via the power infrastructure business across the world.
How California Can Expand U.S. Geothermal Energy Production
Sean Porse, US DOE, Geothermal Technologies Office
California is privileged to have access to a variety of robust energy resources, particularly geothermal energy. It produces more geothermal power than any other state, and alone accounts for more than 20% of total geothermal energy production worldwide. Additionally, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) demonstrated the importance of adding even more geothermal energy to California’s grid, which could translate to potentially hundreds of millions of dollars saved annually in operations, maintenance, and statewide utility bills.
Even with this firm potential, developing new geothermal energy in a competitive California energy market remains a challenge for several reasons – some technical, others market-based. To address these concerns, DOE’s Geothermal Technologies Office (GTO) in recent months partnered with the California Energy Commission (CEC), the Department of the Interior (DOI), and several private foundations. Within a series of both formal and informal industry gatherings, including a key forum held last fall, several leading trends have emerged.
California Can Guide Geothermal Expansion
While no two geothermal resources are alike, overcoming the technical challenges of developing new geothermal resources in California serves as a bellwether for the expansion of geothermal resources across the nation. For example, DOE and CEC are investing in novel research mineral recovery techniques that potentially lead to direct applications for high- and low-temperature geothermal resources in California and more broadly.
To best address emerging challenges, additional partnerships can be forged between the national labs and industry to bring research further out of the lab and into the field. These partnerships can set a path for successful testing of materials and equipment in high-temperature environments encountered at, for example, The Geysers (northern California) and Salton Sea (southern California), thus providing a foundation for similarly challenging resources across the United States.
New Geothermal Ideas Emerging
New thinking continues to surface around key points of innovation – developing hybrid systems as a means to respond to an increasingly flexible grid; recovering critical materials from geothermal brines such as lithium and manganese for use in high-tech industries; and cascading uses such as desalination or even steam storage.
In terms of mineral recovery, California’s resource-rich Salton Sea region leads the way. In fact, a variety of stakeholders strongly advocate for advancing new development in the Salton Sea – the nation’s largest geothermal producing district. They recommend California and the federal government continue to work closely to integrate geothermal development into the region’s long-term environmental management planning, building on an agreement signed last year between California and DOI.
U.S. Innovations Leading the Way
The international geothermal market and innovation front is quite strong, with new developments taking place on a larger scale in Southeast Asia and East Africa. Additionally, a research consortium in Iceland, using drilling technology originally funded and developed through GTO’s work with Baker Hughes, recently completed an impressive high-temperature drilling project that tapped temperatures of 800 degrees Fahrenheit at depths exceeding 15,000 feet, an important first step in exploring further potential.
It’s an exciting time for geothermal research and technology. Our office is guiding the way in several key areas and across various key regions, including California. This includes leveraging exploration methods used by oil and gas to find previously unknown hydrothermal systems; developing a dedicated field site for accelerating breakthroughs for enhanced geothermal systems technology that could unlock vast, previously unavailable geothermal energy; and funding novel technologies for extracting specific high-value minerals from geothermal brines.

IIC supports the development of the first geothermal power project in South America

The Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC) has signed a US$30 million corporate loan facility with Enel Green Power Chile to finance exploratory works for what could be the first geothermal power project in South America-the Cerro Pabellon geothermal power plant in Chile. The loan will be funded by the Clean Technology Fund Loan (CTF), administered by the IIC. The project, located in the Atacama Desert at an altitude of over 4,500 meters above sea level, consists of three power plants with a combined capacity of 75 MW, an 80-kilometer transmission line and other associated facilities. The loan will finance drilling costs of the exploratory phase, when other sources of financing are typically unavailable. Unlike other intermittent renewable energy sources, the baseload electricity produced by geothermal power plants aligns with Chile’s high-energy consuming mining sector. The project will support the country to reduce its energy dependence on foreign oil and its vulnerability to oil price fluctuations. Cerro Pabellon will also have a positive impact on the environment, displacing the equivalent of approximately 232,761 tons of carbon emissions per year. About the Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC) The Inter-American Investment Corporation (IIC), a member of the Inter-American Development Bank Group (IDB Group), is a multilateral development bank committed to supporting the private sector in Latin America and the Caribbean. The IIC finances sustainable enterprises and projects to achieve financial results that maximize social and environmental development for the region. With a current portfolio of $11 billion under management and 350 clients in 21 countries, the IIC works across sectors to provide innovative financial solutions and advisory services that meet the evolving demands of its clients.
During an official visit to Kenya, the European Investment Bank (EIB) has pledged new support for projects in the power and transport sectors. Also, at a press conference In Nairobi with Cabinet Secretary for the Treasury Henry K. Rotich, the signature of a connectivity project was announced. The EIB’s three-day programme will include a site visit to the Lake Turkana Wind Park, the largest windfarm in sub-Saharan Africa developed by the private sector, which the EIB helped finance in 2014.
At the Treasury the EIB signed the “Last Mile Connectivity” project, which will connect nearly 300.000 Kenyan households (equalling up to 1.5 million Kenyans) to the national electricity grid. The EUR 60 million (Kshs 6.7 billion) EIB loan concerns a multiple scheme electrification project, targeting universal access to electricity for the Kenyan population by 2020. It is part of a European “blended” financing package comprising a EUR 90 million (Kshs 10 billion) loan from the Agence Française de Développement and a EUR 30 million (Kshs 3.3 billion) grant from the European Union.
EIB Vice President Pim van Ballekom, responsible for operations in East Africa, commented: “Kenya is increasingly becoming a hub for the region on many levels. We as a bank must look at this from a very basic point of view, namely that there is a young and growing population with enormous potential, and that you need investments to support that momentum, both directly and indirectly. Thanks to today’s signature over 300.000 Kenyan households – up to 1,5 million people – will soon be connected to the electricity grid, a basic condition for further economic growth. Two further projects that we have committed to will improve access to Mombasa harbour and support geothermal energy at Olkaria. Contributing to key infrastructure is one of the ways in which the EIB supports basic services, entrepreneurship and competitiveness in Kenya and we are happy to be able to partner up with local and European partners to achieve this.”
Letters of intent were signed for two further very advanced projects, one being an extension of the existing Olkaria I geothermal plant. Here, the financing – for a total amount of EUR 113 million – will support the addition of a 70MWe turbine, as well as the construction of the necessary wells, steam gathering system and interconnection facilities. Next to that, the EIB pledged to finance an upgrade and widening of the Port of Mombasa access road, regarding the section of 42kms between Mombasa and Mariakani. The project aims to improve the safety situation on the road as well as alleviate congestion which causes delays for goods travelling through Mombasa. The project is co-financed by a concessional loan of EUR 50 million approved by the German Government and to be provided by KfW Development Bank, as well as a EU grant contribution and a loan from African Development Bank.
Just last week, the EIB signed a USD 17.5 million commitment into Catalyst Fund II, a Nairobi based growth equity fund supporting SMEs and Mid-Caps in East Africa. Priority target countries for this fund include Kenya, Tanzania, Ethiopia and Uganda, with several others also under consideration. The fund has a target size of USD 175 million with which Catalyst intends to invest in up to 12 companies, with the goal of generating social and developmental impact benefits.
The European Investment Bank has supported transformational investment across Africa for more than 50 years and operates in Kenya since 1977. Over the last decade the EIB has provided more than EUR 22 billion for long-term investment across Africa.

WWF, Arun to develop geothermal energy in Flores

Kupang (ANTARA News) – World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) Indonesia, along with Indonesias largest liquefied natural gas producer PT Arun NGL, will develop geothermal energy in Flores island, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT) province.

“Recently, together with WWF and PT Arun, we have prepared a road map to develop geothermal in Flores and it is just a matter of time before we implement it,” Head of Provincial Mining and Energy Office, Boni Marisin, affirmed when contacted by ANTARA News here, Friday.

The development of geothermal energy is aimed at realizing the potential of Flores Geothermal Iconic Island, he added.

According to Boni, the geothermal potential at the Flores island is huge because the area has a row of volcanoes spread from the west to the east region of Flores.

“Currently, geothermal development is being carried out in Ulumbu and Mataloko in the western part of Flores,” he said.

The central government has appointed PT PLN (the National Electricity Company) to develop geothermal in Ulumbu and Mataloko with a capacity of 50 megawatts (MW) and 22.5 MW each, respectively, Boni explained.

“Geothermal development in those two areas are expected to be connected to East Nusa Tenggaras system by 2020,” he stated, adding that in addition to Flores, geothermal is also found in Atadei, Lembata district and Alor district.

The geothermal potential in Atadei has estimated reserves of 40 MW on an area of more than 31,000 hectares, he revealed.

“If the potential in Atadei can be developed well, it will be able to supply electricity to the vicinity of areas such as Adonara and Solor,” he noted.

The local administration continues to encourage investment in renewable energy according to the potential in each area to meet the electricity needs in the rural areas and increase the electrification ratio in the country, he remarked.

“Other renewable energy potentials in East Nusa Tenggara are in the field of hydro power, wind, ocean currents and solar. We have been promoting the potential of these at every investment forum to attract investors,” he said.
(Uu.KR-LWA/INE/KR-BSR/A014)

Grenada receives grant for geothermal energy development
The Board of Directors of the Caribbean Development Bank (CDB) has approved a grant of USD231,630 to the Government of Grenada to build its capacity for planning and implementation of its geothermal energy development roadmap. The resources are from the Global Environment Facility through the Inter-American Development Bank’s Sustainable Energy Facility for the Eastern Caribbean with the CDB.
Successful development of Grenada’s geothermal energy potential holds the greatest prospect for transforming the energy sector. This technical assistance Project will provide the Government of Grenada with consultancy expertise for a period of 24 months. Consultants will work with the Government’s staff, through the establishment and operation of a Geothermal Energy Project Management Unit (GPMU).
The GPMU will provide dedicated resources to pursue the country’s geothermal energy development plan, and support the achievement of exploration drilling.  The Ministry of Finance and Energy will implement the Project, which is also consistent with CDB’s Energy Sector Policy and Strategy, and Climate Resilience Strategy.
Tessa Williams-Robertson, Head of the Renewable Energy / Energy Efficiency Unit, CDB noted: “The grant will enhance the Government of Grenada’s own capacity to move realisation of its geothermal energy potential to the next level. Under CDB’s GeoSmart Initiative, appropriate resources have been mobilised and CDB is working with development partners to assist Eastern Caribbean countries in developing geothermal energy where the potential exists.”
Grenada is especially dependent on imported petroleum products to satisfy its growing energy demand. Petroleum products imported in 2014 cost approximately USD67 million, representing seven percent of gross domestic product. The Project is consistent with the 2011 National Energy Policy, supporting the Government of Grenada’s ongoing efforts to improve the country’s energy security. The Government is also working towards meeting its national target for reducing carbon emissions by 30 percent by 2025, to which successful geothermal development would make an important contribution.
US DOE Issues Geothermal Office Annual Report.
The U.S. Department of Energy’s Geothermal Technologies Office has released its 2016 Annual Report
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JICA and Bolivia sign $552 million loan for Laguna Colorada geothermal project

The hottest successful geothermal well drilled in the South of Germany

Is 100% renewable energy the best goal to cut power sector emissions?

Enel starting work on geothermal district heating project in Tuscany

 GDC to increase partnership efforts for geothermal development in Kenya
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